Transport characteristics of goods is complex of the following: a term under which goods are stored, an optimal method of packing (including varieties of packaging material and size); overload and transportation type; physical and chemical characteristics of the goods, the level of risk to humans and the environment; physical parameters (weight, v), the degree of susceptibility to the effects of natural character, etc.
Based on transport characteristics goods are divided to stationary, general, bulk, as well as live loads.
Tankers and bulk carriers, for example, require special transportation and streamlined warehouse work.
Regime goods include products that may pose a risk to humans and environment, or goods, that areperishable. All these need special treatment during transportation, use of additional equipment in order to control temperature during transportation and other conditions.
Morever, the goods may be standard and oversized, modular and container goods.
The standard cargo traditionally are computer equipments, industrial equipments, household appliances, light industry goods (clothing, footwear), building materials, furniture and fittings, plumbing, medicines, foods, etc.
Non-standard (or oversized cargo) – is a type of cargo, which exceeds in size the standards established by law for transportation. For transporting are issued special permissions. Non-standard goods include alcohol and tobacco products, glass products, products made of stone, porcelain and ceramics.
Groupage cargo – a “set” of dissimilar goods which are configured so as to provide the most convenient and timely delivery to multiple recipients. This type has a great demand today, as it was extremely comfortable for both parties – the customer and the forwarder.
Containerized cargo – a group of goods for transportation of which is required container. Mission of this type is to ensure the safety of brittle, dry or liquid cargo in transit.
Cargo transportation is an extremely important thing, during which the goods are at risk due to unforeseen circumstances and possible deformation, change properties, etc. To reduce this risk forwarders should take into account the transport characteristics of goods.