Packaging and packing materials

 

For any type of transportation usually cargo is received in the packing. Packing provides safety of cargo during the transportation and loading-reloading operations. Apart from the fact that the packaging is an important condition for ensuring the safety of cargo, it allows to form cargo transportation units (based on volume and weight), to control details of cargo in the process of loading and reloading, delivery and dispatch, ooptimally use the useful volume of transport, provide conditions for loading and reloading, packing and marking of cargo.

The main element of the packing, which is a product for product placement, is the package. For shipments is used transport package (packing forming an independent transport unit). However, the terms of the contract of carriage may be provided that the goods are accepted for carriage in consumer packing.Classification of package is based on the the form. Classification is carried out depending on the form. The most common types of packages using in the transportation are:

 

Boxes

Box is a type of transport packing, which is closed on all sides, having a cross section parallel to the bottom, preferably rectangular in shape with a bottom, two end caps and the sidewalls, with or without a lid, made of board, plywood, plastic, metal or combinations of packing materials. Boxes are used for packing heavy and fragile goods.

 

Barrels

This is a package with a body with cylindrical or parabolic shape with rolling hoops or ridges. Barrels can be made of metal, plastic or wood. The barrels are principally used for transportations of liquid cargoes with big quantities. The feasibility of using is determined with technical and legal documents for each cargo.

 

Drum

This is a transport packing with smooth or corrugated body which has a cylindrical shape with no hoops and with flat bottom. Drum has a cylindrical shape as a shell consisting of many layers of paper bonded to each other.  The bottom and the cover are made of multilayer paper, plywood, metal or a combination of these materials. Bottom and the shell are connected with a metal trip. The covers are fixed with clamp-locking devices. Drums can be used for transportations of pasty and liquid goods on condition of impregnation the inner walls or the use of natural artificial materials.

 

Bages

Bages are soft type of packing, with the body of sleeve with the buttom and neck. The neck of bag can be opened or closed. Bags have to be closed safely. Must be excluded spontenous cases of opening.

 

Rolls, Pockets

These can be used as a packing, in case that there is a cargo which can get mechanical forces (compression, hitting, pushing) and pollution, which are packaged in a fairly stable material and safely closed. Bales can be made of combination of packing materials. Due to wooden slats is achieved the strengthening of packings. Regardless of this bales must be fixedly banded.

 

Cages for animals

These must be strong enough, have a solid floor and must be constructed so as in any case there is airflow. The distance between the grids bars must be such as the animals could not stick out of their trunk.

 

Pallets

Different characteristics of pallets help us to identify their types. For identification are taking into account different details: length, width and height of pallet boards, quantity of boards in of pallets and etc. Below are introduced the main types of pallets and terms of use.

 

Sertificated euro pallet (Eur pallet)
Dimensions: 800x1200x145 mm

Sertificated fin pallet (FIN pallet)
Dimensions: 1000x1200x145 mm

Transportation non disposable pallets
Dimentions match to the euro and fin pallets with 20-22mm wigth of board.